An Investigation of Mood and Executive Functioning Effects of Brief Auditory and Visual Mindfulness Meditations in Patients with Schizophrenia

Tom J. Barry, Jose V. Hernandez-Viadel, Jorge J. Ricarte

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Abstract

Brief meditations led by audio versus visual stimuli can lead to differential effects on mood and cognition in healthy people. We examine whether similar effects were evident amongst schizophrenia patients. Forty-three patients underwent either 30-min image- (e.g. a mountain stream; n = 15) or audio-led (e.g. running water; n = 15) meditations or waited 30 min without instructions (n = 13). Prior to and following the meditation/wait, participants completed a self-report measure of positive and negative affect and the Trail Making Test to measure attentional shifting abilities. Participants who underwent a visual-led meditation were significantly more positive than those who underwent an audio-led meditation or if they did not meditate. Irrespective of meditation modality, participants showed significant improvement in attentional shifting abilities. Brief meditative practice amongst patients with schizophrenia may have immediate effects on mood and cognition. Future research must explore these effects in larger mindfulness programmes and with longer follow-up assessments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)396-407
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Cognitive Therapy
Volume13
Issue number4
Early online date25 Mar 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Meditation
  • Negative affect
  • Psychosis
  • Treatment
  • Working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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