This paper considers in detail a realistic mortgage valuation model (including the potential for early prepayment and the risk of default), based on stochastic house-price and interest-rate models. As well as the development of a highly accurate numerical scheme to tackle the resulting partial differential equations, this paper also exploits singular perturbation theory (a mathematically rigorous procedure, based on the idea of the smallness of the volatilities), whereby mortgage valuation can be accurately approximated by very simple closed-form solutions. Determination of equilibrium contract rates, previously requiring many computational hours is reduced to just a few seconds, rendering this a highly useful portfolio management tool; these approximations compare favorably with the full numerical solutions. The method is of wide applicability in US or other mortgage markets and is demonstrated for UK fixed-rate mortgages, including insurance and coinsurance.
|Number of pages||36|
|Journal||Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics|
|Early online date||2 Aug 2007|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Apr 2008|