In this paper the effect of two pre-treatment methods are compared experimentally for the filtration of (i) a spent sulphite liquor (17.8 wt.% dry solids) using a 20 kg mol-1 molar mass cut off (MMCO) fluoropolymer membrane and (ii) a molasses solution (45 Brix) using a polysulphone (Psf) membrane (1.5 m pore size). Both feeds are industrially relevant, and subject to severe fouling issues when membranes are used in their subsequent processing. The pre-treatment methods evaluated were: (i) conditioning with water at 60 C only [Protocol 1], and (ii) conditioning with water at 60 C followed by cleaning with 0.5 wt.% NaOH [Protocol 2]. Results are presented that confirm the benefits of sodium hydroxide preconditioning upon performance, supporting the suggestion by some membrane manufacturers that this step be included as part of the pre-treatment protocol.
- zeta potential
- membrane pre-treatment
- spent sulphite liquor
Jones, S. A., Bird, M. R., & Pihlajamaki, A. (2011). An experimental investigation into the pre-treatment of synthetic membranes using sodium hydroxide solutions. Journal of Food Engineering, 105(1), 128-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2011.02.015