An empirical investigation of gaze selection in mid-air gestural 3D manipulation

Eduardo Velloso, Jayson Turner, Jason Alexander, Andreas Bulling, Hans Gellersen

Research output: Chapter or section in a book/report/conference proceedingChapter in a published conference proceeding

28 Citations (SciVal)
27 Downloads (Pure)


In this work, we investigate gaze selection in the context of mid-air hand gestural manipulation of 3D rigid bodies on monoscopic displays. We present the results of a user study with 12 participants in which we compared the performance of Gaze, a Raycasting technique (2D Cursor) and a Virtual Hand technique (3D Cursor) to select objects in two 3D mid-air interaction tasks. Also, we compared selection confirmation times for Gaze selection when selection is followed by manipulation to when it is not. Our results show that gaze selection is faster and more preferred than 2D and 3D mid-air-controlled cursors, and is particularly well suited for tasks in which users constantly switch between several objects during the manipulation. Further, selection confirmation times are longer when selection is followed by manipulation than when it is not.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHuman-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2015
EditorsJulio Abascal, Simone Barbosa, Mirko Fetter, Tom Gross, Philippe Palanque, Marco Winckler
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9783319226675
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2015

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
PublisherSpringer International Publishing

Bibliographical note

The final publication is available at Springer via


  • 3D user interfaces
  • Eye tracking
  • Mid-air gestures


Dive into the research topics of 'An empirical investigation of gaze selection in mid-air gestural 3D manipulation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this