An Empirical Comparison of Human Value Models

Paul Hanel, Lukas Litzellachner, Gregory Maio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (SciVal)


Over the past century, various value models have been proposed. To determine which value model best predicts prosocial behavior, mental health, and pro-environmental behavior, we subjected seven value models to a hierarchical regression analysis. A sample of University students (N = 271) completed the Portrait Value Questionnaire (Schwartz et al., 2012), the Basic Value Survey (Gouveia et al., 2008), and the Social Value Orientation scale (Van Lange et al., 1997). Additionally, they completed the Values Survey Module (Hofstede and Minkov, 2013), Inglehart’s (1977) materialism–postmaterialism items, the Study of Values, fourth edition (Allport et al., 1960; Kopelman et al., 2003), and the Rokeach (1973) Value Survey. However, because the reliability of the latter measures was low, only the PVQ-RR, the BVS, and the SVO where entered into our analysis. Our results provide empirical evidence that the PVQ-RR is the strongest predictor of all three outcome variables, explaining variance above and beyond the other two instruments in almost all cases. The BVS significantly predicted prosocial and pro-environmental behavior, while the SVO only explained variance in pro-environmental behavior.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1643
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalFrontiers in Psychology: Personality and Social Psychology
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sept 2018


  • Altruistic behavior
  • Cultural values
  • General health behavior
  • Human values
  • Pro-environmental behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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