An Approach to Computer Aided Quality Control based on 3D Coordinate Metrology

Kai Wolf, Dieter Roller, Dirk Schaefer

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22 Citations (SciVal)
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The quality of manufactured products usually needs to be veri®ed. This paper presents an advanced CAQ approach to compare
manufactured objects with reference data from underlying CAD models. First, an overview about the current state-of-the-art in optical 3D
measurement techniques is given. After that the research method adopted in this paper is discussed. Furthermore, a software prototype of
the presented approach in which a stripe projection system with combined gray-code and phase shifting is described. With this equipment,
3D shapes of objects or manufactured products can be measured. In order to compare the 3D data (represented in sensor coordinate system)
a registration to the CAD coordinate system is needed. At ®rst, the selection of a starting point for the orientation parameters is described.
For the registration process different numerical algorithms are used to minimize a distance function. To achieve a better performance, an
optimization process based on 3D voxel arrays is introduced. After the registration process, several parameters for the kind of geometric
displacement can be calculated and visualized. For objects that cannot be measured from one direction, a pair-wise registration as well as a
global registration have been developed. Furthermore, some rapid prototyping examples to which our CAQ approach has been applied are
presented. Those examples show that our method works well in practice. Finally, some application ®elds for the CAQ approach presented
here are outlined.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)960110
JournalJournal of Materials Processing Technology
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 2000


  • Computer-aided quality control
  • Computer-aided manufactuing
  • rapid prototyping
  • coded light approach
  • 3d coordinate metrology


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