An analytical method for selecting the optimal nozzle external geometry for fluid dynamic gauging

J M Peralta, Y M J Chew, D I Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
166 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Fluid dynamic gauging (FDG) was developed to measure, in situ and in real time, the thickness of a soft deposit layer immersed in a liquid without contacting the surface of the layer. An analysis based on the lubrication assumption for the flow patterns in the space between the nozzle and the surface being gauged yielded analytical expressions for the relationships between the main flow variables and system parameters. Nozzle shapes for particular pressure, pressure gradient and shear stress profiles could then be identified. The effect of flow rate, nozzle geometry and nozzle position on the pressure beneath the nozzle and shear stress on the gauged surface showed very good agreement with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations. Case studies presented include nozzle shapes for uniform pressure and shear stress profiles, which are useful for measuring the strength of soft deposit layers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3579-3591
Number of pages13
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume66
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

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