Ammonia decomposition over cobalt/carbon catalysts

Effect of carbon support and electron donating promoter on activity

Laura Torrente-Murciano, Alf K. Hill, Tamsin E. Bell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper sets the new design parameters for the development of low temperature ammonia decomposition catalysts based on readily available cobalt as an alternative to scarce but highly active ruthenium-based catalysts. By using a variety of carbon materials as catalytic supports, we systematically demonstrate that microporous supports capable of stabilising small cobalt crystallites (∼2 nm) lead to high catalytic activities compared to bigger nanoparticles. Additionally, the degree of graphitisation of the carbon support has a detrimental effect on the activity of the cobalt (0) active sites, likely due to their potential as an electron donator. Consequently, the addition of electron donating promoters such as cesium substantially decreases the activity of the cobalt catalysts. This relationship deviates from the trends observed for ruthenium-based catalysts with an optimum 3–5 nm size where an increase of the graphitisation degree of the support and the addition of electron donating promoters increases the ammonia decomposition activity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-140
Number of pages10
JournalCatalysis Today
Volume286
Early online date15 Jun 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2017

Fingerprint

Cobalt
Ammonia
Catalyst supports
Carbon
Decomposition
Catalysts
Graphitization
Ruthenium
Electrons
Cesium
Crystallites
Catalyst activity
Nanoparticles
Temperature

Cite this

Ammonia decomposition over cobalt/carbon catalysts : Effect of carbon support and electron donating promoter on activity. / Torrente-Murciano, Laura; Hill, Alf K.; Bell, Tamsin E.

In: Catalysis Today, Vol. 286, 15.05.2017, p. 131-140.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f113df148f6c488db49af0039144407b,
title = "Ammonia decomposition over cobalt/carbon catalysts: Effect of carbon support and electron donating promoter on activity",
abstract = "This paper sets the new design parameters for the development of low temperature ammonia decomposition catalysts based on readily available cobalt as an alternative to scarce but highly active ruthenium-based catalysts. By using a variety of carbon materials as catalytic supports, we systematically demonstrate that microporous supports capable of stabilising small cobalt crystallites (∼2 nm) lead to high catalytic activities compared to bigger nanoparticles. Additionally, the degree of graphitisation of the carbon support has a detrimental effect on the activity of the cobalt (0) active sites, likely due to their potential as an electron donator. Consequently, the addition of electron donating promoters such as cesium substantially decreases the activity of the cobalt catalysts. This relationship deviates from the trends observed for ruthenium-based catalysts with an optimum 3–5 nm size where an increase of the graphitisation degree of the support and the addition of electron donating promoters increases the ammonia decomposition activity.",
author = "Laura Torrente-Murciano and Hill, {Alf K.} and Bell, {Tamsin E.}",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.cattod.2016.05.041",
language = "English",
volume = "286",
pages = "131--140",
journal = "Catalysis Today",
issn = "0920-5861",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ammonia decomposition over cobalt/carbon catalysts

T2 - Effect of carbon support and electron donating promoter on activity

AU - Torrente-Murciano, Laura

AU - Hill, Alf K.

AU - Bell, Tamsin E.

PY - 2017/5/15

Y1 - 2017/5/15

N2 - This paper sets the new design parameters for the development of low temperature ammonia decomposition catalysts based on readily available cobalt as an alternative to scarce but highly active ruthenium-based catalysts. By using a variety of carbon materials as catalytic supports, we systematically demonstrate that microporous supports capable of stabilising small cobalt crystallites (∼2 nm) lead to high catalytic activities compared to bigger nanoparticles. Additionally, the degree of graphitisation of the carbon support has a detrimental effect on the activity of the cobalt (0) active sites, likely due to their potential as an electron donator. Consequently, the addition of electron donating promoters such as cesium substantially decreases the activity of the cobalt catalysts. This relationship deviates from the trends observed for ruthenium-based catalysts with an optimum 3–5 nm size where an increase of the graphitisation degree of the support and the addition of electron donating promoters increases the ammonia decomposition activity.

AB - This paper sets the new design parameters for the development of low temperature ammonia decomposition catalysts based on readily available cobalt as an alternative to scarce but highly active ruthenium-based catalysts. By using a variety of carbon materials as catalytic supports, we systematically demonstrate that microporous supports capable of stabilising small cobalt crystallites (∼2 nm) lead to high catalytic activities compared to bigger nanoparticles. Additionally, the degree of graphitisation of the carbon support has a detrimental effect on the activity of the cobalt (0) active sites, likely due to their potential as an electron donator. Consequently, the addition of electron donating promoters such as cesium substantially decreases the activity of the cobalt catalysts. This relationship deviates from the trends observed for ruthenium-based catalysts with an optimum 3–5 nm size where an increase of the graphitisation degree of the support and the addition of electron donating promoters increases the ammonia decomposition activity.

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2016.05.041

U2 - 10.1016/j.cattod.2016.05.041

DO - 10.1016/j.cattod.2016.05.041

M3 - Article

VL - 286

SP - 131

EP - 140

JO - Catalysis Today

JF - Catalysis Today

SN - 0920-5861

ER -