Alterations in whole-body insulin sensitivity resulting from repeated eccentric exercise of a single muscle group: a pilot investigation

Javier Gonzalez, Martin Barwood, Stuart Goodall, Kevin Thomas, Glyn Howatson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)
122 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Unaccustomed eccentric exercise using large muscle groups elicits soreness, decrements in physical function and impairs markers of whole-body insulin sensitivity; although these effects are attenuated with a repeated exposure. Eccentric exercise of a small muscle group (elbow flexors) displays similar soreness and damage profiles in response to repeated exposure. However, it is unknown whether damage to small muscle groups impacts upon whole-body insulin sensitivity. This pilot investigation aimed to characterize whole-body insulin sensitivity in response to repeated bouts of eccentric exercise of the elbow flexors. Nine healthy males completed two bouts of eccentric exercise separated by 2 weeks. Insulin resistance (updated homeostasis model of insulin resistance, HOMA2-IR) and muscle damage profiles (soreness and physical function) were assessed before, and 48 h after exercise. Matsuda insulin sensitivity indices (ISIMatsuda) were also determined in 6 participants at the same time points as HOMA2-IR. Soreness was elevated, and physical function impaired, by both bouts of exercise (both P < 0.05) but to a lesser extent following bout 2 (time x bout interaction, P < 0.05). Eccentric exercise decreased ISIMatsuda after the first but not the second bout of eccentric exercise (time x bout interaction P < 0.05). Eccentric exercise performed with an isolated upper limb impairs whole-body insulin sensitivity after the first, but not the second, bout.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-410
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2015

Keywords

  • glucose
  • glycemia
  • insulin resistance
  • metabolic control
  • muscle damage
  • repeated bout

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