65 Citations (Scopus)
309 Downloads (Pure)


Carbon nanofibres (CNFs) and graphite flake microparticles were added to thermoplastic polystyrene polymer with the aim of making new conductive blends suitable for 3D-printing. Various polymer/carbon blends were evaluated for suitability as printable, electroactive material. An electrically conducting polystyrene composite was developed and used with commercially available polystyrene (HIPS) to manufacture electrodes suitable for electrochemical experiments. Electrodes were produced and evaluated for cyclic voltammetry of aqueous 1,1’-ferrocenedimethanol and differential pulse voltammetry detection of aqueous Pb2+ via anodic stripping. A polystyrene/CNF/graphite (80/10/10 wt%) composite provides good conductivity and a stable electrochemical interface with well-defined active geometric surface area. The printed electrodes form a stable interface to the polystyrene shell, give good signal to background voltammetric responses, and are reusable after polishing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1517-1523
Issue number7
Early online date15 Feb 2016
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'All-Polystyrene 3D-Printed Electrochemical Device with Embedded Carbon Nanofiber – Graphite – Polystyrene Composite Conductor'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this