Experiments have been undertaken to study the formation of afterbody vortex flows from cylindrical bodies with a slanted base, whose upsweep angle was varied between 24° and 32°. Vortex roll-up is mostly completed in the first half of the upswept section, where the vortex causes largest suction on the surface. Towards the trailing-edge the vortices become more axisymmetric and stronger with increasing upsweep angle. Although there is some delay in vortex roll-up at lower Reynolds number, the main features of the vortex flow are similar to those at higher Reynolds number. The strength of the vortices at the trailing-edge was proportional to the time-averaged drag coefficient, which increased by nearly 50% in the range of upsweep angles tested. The vortex was more coherent with reduced meandering and a smaller core radius towards the trailing-edge. This reduction in meandering along the streamwise direction had not been observed previously with other external vortex flows in aerodynamics. Proper Orthogonal Decomposition revealed that the helical displacement mode with azimuthal wavenumber m = 1 was the dominant mode towards the trailing-edge, suggesting that the afterbody vortices bear much similarity with the more widely studied wing tip vortices and delta wing vortices. The instantaneous vortex pair exhibits time-dependent asymmetry, however there is virtually no correlation between the displacements of the vortex centers.
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- Department of Mechanical Engineering - Senior Lecturer
- Institute for Advanced Automotive Propulsion Systems (IAAPS)
Person: Research & Teaching, Core staff