Afterbody vortices of axisymmetric cylinders with a slanted base

Dinitha Bulathsinghala, Richard Jackson, Zhijin Wang, Ismet Gursul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Experiments have been undertaken to study the formation of afterbody vortex flows from cylindrical bodies with a slanted base, whose upsweep angle was varied between 24° and 32°. Vortex roll-up is mostly completed in the first half of the upswept section, where the vortex causes largest suction on the surface. Towards the trailing-edge the vortices become more axisymmetric and stronger with increasing upsweep angle. Although there is some delay in vortex roll-up at lower Reynolds number, the main features of the vortex flow are similar to those at higher Reynolds number. The strength of the vortices at the trailing-edge was proportional to the time-averaged drag coefficient, which increased by nearly 50% in the range of upsweep angles tested. The vortex was more coherent with reduced meandering and a smaller core radius towards the trailing-edge. This reduction in meandering along the streamwise direction had not been observed previously with other external vortex flows in aerodynamics. Proper Orthogonal Decomposition revealed that the helical displacement mode with azimuthal wavenumber m = 1 was the dominant mode towards the trailing-edge, suggesting that the afterbody vortices bear much similarity with the more widely studied wing tip vortices and delta wing vortices. The instantaneous vortex pair exhibits time-dependent asymmetry, however there is virtually no correlation between the displacements of the vortex centers.
LanguageEnglish
Article number60
JournalExperiments in Fluids
Volume58
Issue number5
Early online date22 Apr 2017
DOIs
StatusPublished - May 2017

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afterbodies
Vortex flow
vortices
trailing edges
wing tip vortices
Reynolds number
cylindrical bodies
delta wings
drag coefficients
high Reynolds number
suction
low Reynolds number
Drag coefficient

Cite this

Afterbody vortices of axisymmetric cylinders with a slanted base. / Bulathsinghala, Dinitha; Jackson, Richard; Wang, Zhijin; Gursul, Ismet.

In: Experiments in Fluids, Vol. 58, No. 5, 60, 05.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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