Advances in two-dimensional materials for energy-efficient and molecular precise membranes for biohydrogen production

Sean Loh, Wenyuan Ye, Shengqiong Fang, Jiuyang Lin, Ailiang Gu, Xinyu Zhang, Andrew Burrows, Ming Xie

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (SciVal)


Waste management has become an ever-increasing global issue due to population growth and rapid globalisation. For similar reasons, the greenhouse effect caused by fossil fuel combustion, is leading to chronic climate change issues. A novel approach, the waste-to-hydrogen process, is introduced to address the concern of waste generation and climate change with an additional merit of production of a renewable, higher energy density than fossil fuels and sustainable transportation fuel, hydrogen (H2) gas. In the downstream H2 purifying process, membrane separation is one of the appealing options for the waste-to-hydrogen process given its low energy consumption and low operational cost. However, commercial polymeric membranes have hindered membrane separation process due to their low separation performance. By introducing novel two-dimensional materials as substitutes, the limitation of purifying using conventional membranes can potentially be solved. Herein, this article provides a comprehensive review of two-dimensional materials as alternatives to membrane technology for the gas separation of H2 in waste-to-hydrogen downstream process. Moreover, this review article elaborates and provides some perspectives on the challenges and future potential of the waste-to-hydrogen process and the use of two-dimensional materials in membrane technology.
Original languageEnglish
Article number128065
JournalBioresource Technology
Early online date4 Oct 2022
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2022


  • Fabrication
  • Gas separation
  • Hydrogen purification
  • Two-dimensional materials
  • Waste to hydorgen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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