Adapting Psychological Therapies for Autism

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)
99 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background
Psychological interventions informed by cognitive behavioural theory have proven efficacy in treating mild-moderate anxiety and depression. They have been successfully adapted for autistic children and adults who experience disproportionately high rates of co-occurring emotional problems. There has been little research into the perspectives and experience of psychological therapists adapting cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) as part of routine clinical practice. We surveyed therapist skills, experience and confidence in working psychologically with autistic people, in order to highlight gaps and needs, as well as strengths in terms of therapist skills when working with this group.

Method
Fifty therapists attending a training event completed a survey about their experience of adapting CBT for autistic clients, alongside a measure of therapist confidence.

Results
Almost all therapists reported making adaptations to CBT practice when working with autistic clients. Key challenges identified were rigidity in thinking and pacing sessions appropriately. Therapists were relatively confident about core engagement and assessment skills but reported less confidence in using their knowledge to help this group. Therapist confidence was not associated with years of practice or number of adaptations made, but was positively associated with level of therapy training received.

Conclusions
This study highlights a need for training and ongoing supervision to increase therapist confidence in and ability to make appropriate adaptations to CBT treatment protocols for autistic people.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-50
Number of pages8
JournalResearch in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Volume45
Early online date20 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Cognitive Therapy
Autistic Disorder
Psychology
Aptitude
Therapeutics
Clinical Protocols
Anxiety
Depression
Research

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Cognitive behavioural therapy
  • Psychological therapy
  • Therapist training
  • Training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Adapting Psychological Therapies for Autism. / Cooper, K.; Loades, M.E.; Russell, A.

In: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Vol. 45, 01.01.2018, p. 43-50.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{61e2678efe0840a3bfb3951542e37d34,
title = "Adapting Psychological Therapies for Autism",
abstract = "BackgroundPsychological interventions informed by cognitive behavioural theory have proven efficacy in treating mild-moderate anxiety and depression. They have been successfully adapted for autistic children and adults who experience disproportionately high rates of co-occurring emotional problems. There has been little research into the perspectives and experience of psychological therapists adapting cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) as part of routine clinical practice. We surveyed therapist skills, experience and confidence in working psychologically with autistic people, in order to highlight gaps and needs, as well as strengths in terms of therapist skills when working with this group.MethodFifty therapists attending a training event completed a survey about their experience of adapting CBT for autistic clients, alongside a measure of therapist confidence.ResultsAlmost all therapists reported making adaptations to CBT practice when working with autistic clients. Key challenges identified were rigidity in thinking and pacing sessions appropriately. Therapists were relatively confident about core engagement and assessment skills but reported less confidence in using their knowledge to help this group. Therapist confidence was not associated with years of practice or number of adaptations made, but was positively associated with level of therapy training received.ConclusionsThis study highlights a need for training and ongoing supervision to increase therapist confidence in and ability to make appropriate adaptations to CBT treatment protocols for autistic people.",
keywords = "Autism, Cognitive behavioural therapy, Psychological therapy, Therapist training, Training",
author = "K. Cooper and M.E. Loades and A. Russell",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.rasd.2017.11.002",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "43--50",
journal = "Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders",
issn = "1750-9467",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adapting Psychological Therapies for Autism

AU - Cooper, K.

AU - Loades, M.E.

AU - Russell, A.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - BackgroundPsychological interventions informed by cognitive behavioural theory have proven efficacy in treating mild-moderate anxiety and depression. They have been successfully adapted for autistic children and adults who experience disproportionately high rates of co-occurring emotional problems. There has been little research into the perspectives and experience of psychological therapists adapting cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) as part of routine clinical practice. We surveyed therapist skills, experience and confidence in working psychologically with autistic people, in order to highlight gaps and needs, as well as strengths in terms of therapist skills when working with this group.MethodFifty therapists attending a training event completed a survey about their experience of adapting CBT for autistic clients, alongside a measure of therapist confidence.ResultsAlmost all therapists reported making adaptations to CBT practice when working with autistic clients. Key challenges identified were rigidity in thinking and pacing sessions appropriately. Therapists were relatively confident about core engagement and assessment skills but reported less confidence in using their knowledge to help this group. Therapist confidence was not associated with years of practice or number of adaptations made, but was positively associated with level of therapy training received.ConclusionsThis study highlights a need for training and ongoing supervision to increase therapist confidence in and ability to make appropriate adaptations to CBT treatment protocols for autistic people.

AB - BackgroundPsychological interventions informed by cognitive behavioural theory have proven efficacy in treating mild-moderate anxiety and depression. They have been successfully adapted for autistic children and adults who experience disproportionately high rates of co-occurring emotional problems. There has been little research into the perspectives and experience of psychological therapists adapting cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) as part of routine clinical practice. We surveyed therapist skills, experience and confidence in working psychologically with autistic people, in order to highlight gaps and needs, as well as strengths in terms of therapist skills when working with this group.MethodFifty therapists attending a training event completed a survey about their experience of adapting CBT for autistic clients, alongside a measure of therapist confidence.ResultsAlmost all therapists reported making adaptations to CBT practice when working with autistic clients. Key challenges identified were rigidity in thinking and pacing sessions appropriately. Therapists were relatively confident about core engagement and assessment skills but reported less confidence in using their knowledge to help this group. Therapist confidence was not associated with years of practice or number of adaptations made, but was positively associated with level of therapy training received.ConclusionsThis study highlights a need for training and ongoing supervision to increase therapist confidence in and ability to make appropriate adaptations to CBT treatment protocols for autistic people.

KW - Autism

KW - Cognitive behavioural therapy

KW - Psychological therapy

KW - Therapist training

KW - Training

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85034642449&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.rasd.2017.11.002

DO - 10.1016/j.rasd.2017.11.002

M3 - Article

C2 - 30245739

VL - 45

SP - 43

EP - 50

JO - Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders

JF - Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders

SN - 1750-9467

ER -