Adaptation to leftward-shifting prisms reduces the global processing bias of healthy individuals

Janet H Bultitude, Jill M Woods

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

When healthy individuals are presented with peripheral figures in which small letters are arranged to form a large letter, they are faster to identify the global- than the local-level information, and have difficulty ignoring global information when identifying the local level. The global reaction time (RT) advantage and global interference effect imply preferential processing of global-level information in the normal brain. This contrasts with the local processing bias demonstrated following lesions to the right temporo-parietal junction (TPJ), such as those that lead to hemispatial neglect (neglect). Recent research from our lab demonstrated that visuo-motor adaptation to rightward-shifting prisms, which ameliorates many leftward performance deficits of neglect patients, improved the local processing bias of patients with right TPJ lesions (Bultitude, Rafal, & List, 2009). Here we demonstrate that adaptation to leftward-shifting prisms, which can induce neglect-like performance in neurologically healthy individuals, also reduces the normal global processing bias. Forty-eight healthy participants were asked to identify the global or local forms of hierarchical figures before and after adaptation to leftward- or rightward-shifting prisms. Prior to prism adaptation, both groups had greater difficulty ignoring irrelevant global information when identifying the local level (global interference) compared to their ability to ignore irrelevant local-level information when identifying the global level (local interference). Participants who adapted to leftward-shifting prisms showed a significant reduction in global interference, but there was no change in the performance of the rightward-shifting Prism Group. These results show, for the first time, that in addition to previously demonstrated effects on lateralised attention, prism adaptation can influence non-lateralised spatial attention in healthy individuals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1750-1756
Number of pages7
JournalNeuropsychologia
Volume48
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2010

Keywords

  • Adaptation, Physiological
  • Adult
  • Attention
  • Bias (Epidemiology)
  • Female
  • Functional Laterality
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Photic Stimulation
  • Psychophysics
  • Time Factors
  • Visual Fields
  • Visual Perception
  • Young Adult

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