A new methodology for the sonoelectro-deposition and stripping of highly reactive iron at boron-doped diamond electrodes has been studied. In aqueous 1 M NH4F iron metal readily and reversibly electro-deposits onto boron-doped diamond electrodes. The effects of deposition potential, FeF6 3- concentration, deposition time, and mass transport are investigated and also the influence of power ultrasound (24 kHz, 8 Wcm -2). Scanning electron microscopy images of iron nanoparticles grown to typically 20-30 nm diameters are obtained. It is shown that a strongly and permanently adhering film of iron at boron-doped diamond can be formed and transferred into other solution environments. The catalytic reactivity of iron deposits at boron-doped diamond is investigated for the reductive dehalogenation of chloroacetate. The kinetically limited multi-electron reduction of trichloroacetate is dependent on the FeF63- deposition conditions and the solution composition. It is demonstrated that a stepwise iron-catalysed dechlorination via dichloroacetate and monochloroacetate to acetate is feasible. This sonoelectrochemical methodology offers a novel, clean and very versatile electro-dehalogenation methodology. The role of fluoride in the surface electrochemistry of iron deserves further attention.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2010|
|Event||International Congress on Ultrasonics, ICU 2009, January 11, 2009 - January 17, 2009 - Santiago, Chile|
Duration: 1 Jan 2010 → …