Mechanical Properties of Acoustically Levitated Granular Rafts

Melody X. Lim, Bryan VanSaders, Anton Souslov, Heinrich M. Jaeger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigate a model system for the rotational dynamics of inertial many-particle clustering, in which submillimeter objects are acoustically levitated in air. Driven by scattered sound, levitated grains self-assemble into a monolayer of particles, forming mesoscopic granular rafts with both an acoustic binding energy and a bending rigidity. Detuning the acoustic trap can give rise to stochastic forces and torques that impart angular momentum to levitated objects. As the angular momentum of a quasi-two-dimensional granular raft is increased, the raft deforms from a disk to an ellipse, eventually pinching off into multiple separate rafts, in a mechanism that resembles the breakup of a liquid drop. We extract the raft effective surface tension and elastic modulus and show that nonpairwise acoustic forces give rise to effective elastic moduli that scale with the raft size. We also show that the raft size controls the microstructural basis of plastic deformation, resulting in a transition from fracture to ductile failure.
Original languageEnglish
Article number021017
JournalPhysical Review X
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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