Acoustic dose and acoustic dose-rate

F. Duck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (SciVal)


Acoustic dose is defined as the energy deposited by absorption of an acoustic wave per unit mass of the medium supporting the wave. Expressions for acoustic dose and acoustic dose-rate are given for plane-wave conditions, including temporal and frequency dependencies of energy deposition. The relationship between the acoustic dose-rate and the resulting temperature increase is explored, as is the relationship between acoustic dose-rate and radiation force. Energy transfer from the wave to the medium by means of acoustic cavitation is considered, and an approach is proposed in principle that could allow cavitation to be included within the proposed definitions of acoustic dose and acoustic dose-rate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1679-1685
Number of pages7
JournalUltrasound in Medicine & Biology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009


  • radiation force
  • acoustic dose
  • heating
  • cavitation
  • acoustic dose-rate


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