Achieving a Carbon Neutral Future through Advanced Functional Materials and Technologies

Andrew Chapman, Elif Ertekin, Masanobu Kubota, Akihide Nagao, Kaila Bertsch, Arnaud Macadre, Toshihiro Tsuchiyama, Takuro Masamura, Setsuo Takaki, Ryosuke Komoda, Mohsen Dadfarnia, Brian Somerday, Alexander Tsekov Staykov, Joichi Sugimura, Yoshinori Sawae, Takehiro Morita, Hiroyoshi Tanaka, Kazuyuki Yagi, Vlad Niste, Prabakaran SaravananShugo Onitsuka, Ki Seok Yoon, Seiji Ogo, Toshinori Matsushima, Ganbaatar Tumen-Ulzii, Dino Klotz, Dinh Hoa Nguyen, George Harrington, Chihaya Adachi, Hiroshige Matsumoto, Leonard Kwati, Yukina Takahashi, Nuttavut Kosem, Tatsumi Ishihara, Miho Yamauchi, Bidyut Baran Saha, Md Amirul Islam, Jin Miyawaki, Harish Sivasankaran, Masamichi Kohno, Shigenori Fujikawa, Roman Selyanchyn, Takeshi Tsuji, Yukihiro Higashi, Reiner Kirchheim, Petros Sofronis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

43 Citations (SciVal)


Current greenhouse gas emissions suggest that keeping global temperature increase below 1.5 degrees, as espoused in the Paris Agreements will be challenging, and to do so, the achievement of carbon neutrality is of utmost importance. It is also clear that no single solution can meet the carbon neutral challenge, so it is essential for scientific research to cover a broad range of technologies and initiatives which will enable the realization of a carbon free energy system. This study details the broad, yet targeted research themes being pioneered within the International Institute for Carbon-Neutral Energy Research (I2CNER). These approaches include hydrogen materials, bio-mimetic catalysts, electrochemistry, thermal energy and absorption, carbon capture, storage and management and refrigerants. Here we outline the state of the art for this suite of technologies and detail how their deployment, alongside prudent energy policy implementation can engender a carbon neutral Japan by 2050. Recognizing that just as no single technological solution will engender carbon neutrality, no single nation can expect to achieve this goal alone. This study represents a recognition of conducive international policy agendas and is representative of interdisciplinary, international collaboration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-103
Number of pages31
JournalBulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan
Issue number1
Early online date27 Jan 2022
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Professor Sofronis is the Director of the International Institute for Carbon-Neutral Energy Research (I2CNER), member of the World Premier International Research Center Initiative (WPI) of Japan and hosted by Kyushu University with a Satellite Institute at the University of Illinois. His research focuses on structural materials behavior under severe chemo-mechanical conditions. Dr. Sofronis is a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, and has received awards from the National Science Foundation, the Department of Energy, the Ford Motor Company, and the 2020 ASME Frank Kreith Energy Award.

Funding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the International Institute for Carbon Neutral Energy Research (WPI-I2CNER), sponsored by the World Premier International Research Center Initiative (WPI), MEXT, Japan.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Chemical Society of Japan.


  • Carbon neutral
  • Energy
  • Materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry


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