Accurate diagnosis of hip prosthesis loosening using a vibrational technique

A P Georgiou, J L Cunningham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: Objective. To examine the potential role of vibration testing as a non-invasive method of diagnosing loosening of total hip replacements in the clinical setting. Design. Single blind cohort study in two hospitals. Background Diagnosing loosening of total hip replacements is heavily dependent on investigative techniques that are unreliable. Previous studies into the use of vibration testing have produced conflicting results. Methods. Comparison of vibration testing and radiographs in patients with a total hip replacement experiencing hip pain symptomatic of loosening, with patients showing evidence of a secure prosthesis. Results. Vibration testing has a sensitivity of 80% and a specificity of 89%. The positive predictive value was 92% and the negative predictive value was 73%; it was unable to produce a definitive diagnosis in 8% of patients. When compared with radiographs from the same patients, vibration testing was shown to be 20% more sensitive and able to diagnose 13% more patients. Conclusions. Vibration testing can deliver more accurate information on the stability of total hip replacements than radiographs in the clinical setting, despite being in the early stages of development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-323
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Biomechanics
Volume16
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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    Georgiou, A. P., & Cunningham, J. L. (2001). Accurate diagnosis of hip prosthesis loosening using a vibrational technique. Clinical Biomechanics, 16(4), 315-323.