Academic engagement and commercialisation: a review of the literature on university-industry relations

Markus Perkmann, Valentina Tartari, Maureen McKelvey, Erkko Autio, Anders Brostrom, Pablo D'Este, Riccardo Fini, Aldo Geuna, Rosa Grimaldi, A Hughes, Stefan Krabel, Michael Kitson, Patrick Llerena, Franceso Lissoni, Ammon Salter, M Soberon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1524 Citations (SciVal)


A considerable body of work highlights the relevance of collaborative research, contract research, consulting and informal relationships for university–industry knowledge transfer. We present a systematic review of research on academic scientists’ involvement in these activities to which we refer as ‘academic engagement’. Apart from extracting findings that are generalisable across studies, we ask how academic engagement differs from commercialisation, defined as intellectual property creation and academic entrepreneurship. We identify the individual, organisational and institutional antecedents and consequences of academic engagement, and then compare these findings with the antecedents and consequences of commercialisation. Apart from being more widely practiced, academic engagement is distinct from commercialisation in that it is closely aligned with traditional academic research activities, and pursued by academics to access resources supporting their research agendas. We conclude by identifying future research needs, opportunities for methodological improvement and policy interventions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-442
Number of pages20
JournalResearch Policy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013


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