Abelian oil and water dynamics does not have an absorbing-state phase transition

Elisabetta Candellero, Alexandre Stauffer, Lorenzo Taggi

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The oil and water model is an interacting particle system with two types of particles and a dynamics that conserves the number of particles, which belongs to the so-called class of Abelian networks. Widely studied processes in this class are sandpiles models and activated random walks, which are known (at least for some choice of the underlying graph) to undergo an absorbing-state phase transition. This phase transition characterizes the existence of two regimes, depending on the particle density: a regime of fixation at low densities, where the dynamics converges towards an absorbing state and each particle jumps only finitely many times, and a regime of activity at large densities, where particles jump infinitely often and activity is sustained indefinitely. In this work we show that the oil and water model is substantially different than sandpiles models and activated random walks, in the sense that it does not undergo an absorbing-state phase transition and is in the regime of fixation at all densities. Our result works in great generality: for any graph that is vertex transitive and for a large class of initial configurations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2733-2752
Number of pages20
JournalTransactions of the American Mathematical Society
Issue number4
Early online date20 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)
  • Applied Mathematics


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