## Abstract

The aim of this paper is to analyze the effect of a downward vertical net mass flow on the type of instability that occurs in a horizontal fluid-saturated porous layer that is heated from below. The strength of the downflow is modelled by Pe, the Péclet number. First, we prove the validity of the principle of exchange of stabilities; consequently, we perform a linear instability analysis of the basic steady flow to determine the critical Darcy-Rayleigh number for the onset of steady convective instability as a function of Pe. Then, a weakly nonlinear stability analysis is performed to determine the smallest value of the Péclet number for which the onset of convection corresponds to a subcritical instability.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 014107 |

Journal | Physics of Fluids |

Volume | 35 |

Issue number | 1 |

Early online date | 11 Jan 2023 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | E-pub ahead of print - 11 Jan 2023 |

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Computational Mechanics
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes