A transitions model for sustainable mobility

Jonathan Köhler, Lorraine Whitmarsh, Björn Nykvist, Michel Schilperoord, Noam Bergman, Alex Haxeltine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

140 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reports on the development of a model for assessing transitions to sustainable mobility. The model uses the concepts of transition theory as a framework for assessing possible pathways by which a transition to a sustainable mobility society might happen. The modelling approach combines agent-based modelling techniques with a system dynamics structure. It is original in that there are two levels of agent. There are a small number of complex agents, which have an internal structure and are therefore subsystems within society, and a larger number of simple agents. Based on the UK data, the results show that Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs) come to dominate, but only in the very long run (after 2030), while biofuels and ICE (Internal Combustion Engine)-electric hybrids are the main alternatives to the regime in the next 10-30 years, because a) they are already developed and b) they fit better into current infrastructures. The model shows that technological transitions are most likely. Lifestyle change transitions require sustained pressure from the environment on society and behavioural change from consumers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2985-2995
Number of pages11
JournalEcological Economics
Volume68
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2009

Keywords

  • Agent-based model
  • Sustainable mobility
  • Transition theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Economics and Econometrics

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