A tissue-specific promoter derived from a SINE retrotransposon drives biallelic expression of PLAGL1 in human lymphocytes

Claire E. L. Smith, Alexia Alexandraki, Sarah Cordery, Rekha Parmar, David T. Bonthron, Elizabeth M. A. Valleley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

The imprinted gene PLAGL1 is an important regulator of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. Loss of its expression has been implicated in tumorigenesis in a range of different cancers, and overexpression during fetal development causes transient neonatal diabetes mellitus (TNDM). PLAGL1 lies within an imprinted region of chromosome 6q24, and monoallelic expression from the major, differentially methylated promoter (P1) occurs in most human tissues. However, in peripheral blood leukocytes, the active promoter (P2) is non-imprinted and drives biallelic transcription. We report here a novel PLAGL1 promoter (P5) derived from the insertion of a primate-specific, MIR3 SINE retrotransposon. P5 is highly utilized in lymphocytes, particularly in T cells, and like P2, directs biallelic transcription. Our results show that it is important to consider P5 in relation to PLAGL1 function in T cells when investigating the dysregulation of this gene.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0185678
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sept 2017

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