A Tb/s Indoor MIMO Optical Wireless Backhaul System Using VCSEL Arrays

Hossein Kazemi, Elham Sarbazi, Mohammad Dehghani Soltani, Taisir E. H. El-gorashi, Jaafar M. H. Elmirghani, Richard V. Penty, Ian H. White, Majid Safari, Harald Haas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (SciVal)


In this paper, the design of a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) optical wireless communication (OWC) link based on vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL) arrays is systematically carried out with the aim to support data rates in excess of 1 Tb/s for the backhaul of sixth generation (6G) indoor wireless networks. The proposed design combines direct current optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (DCO-OFDM) and a spatial multiplexing MIMO architecture. For such an ultra-high-speed line-of-sight (LOS) OWC link with low divergence laser beams, maintaining alignment is of high importance. In this paper, two types of misalignment error between the transmitter and receiver are distinguished, namely, radial displacement error and orientation angle error, and they are thoroughly modeled in a unified analytical framework assuming Gaussian laser beams, resulting in a generalized misalignment model (GMM). The derived GMM is then extended to MIMO arrays and the performance of the MIMO-OFDM OWC system is analyzed in terms of the aggregate data rate. Novel insights are provided into the system performance based on computer simulations by studying various influential factors such as beam waist, array configuration and different misalignment errors, which can be used as guidelines for designing short range Tb/s MIMO OWC systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3995-4012
Number of pages18
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 1972-2012 IEEE.


  • Generalized misalignment model (GMM)
  • Indoor optical wireless communication (OWC)
  • Multiple-input multiple-output orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (MIMO-OFDM)
  • Terabit/s backhaul
  • Vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL) array

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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