Based on a survey on over 1400 commercial LED drivers and a literature review, a range of LED driver topologies are classified according to their applications, power ratings, performance and their energy storage and regulatory requirements. Both passive and active LED drivers are included in the review and their advantages and disadvantages are discussed. This paper also presents an overall view on the technical and cost aspects of the LED technology, which is useful to both researchers and engineers in the lighting industry. Some general guidelines for selecting driver topologies are included to aid design engineers to make appropriate choices.
Li, S., Tan, S-C., Lee, C. K., Waffenschmidt, E., Hui, S. Y. R., & Tse, C. K. (2016). A Survey, Classification, and Critical Review of Light-Emitting Diode Drivers. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 31(2), 1503-1516. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2015.2417563