A statistical approach to the analysis of the surge phenomenon

R. Bontempo, M. Cardone, M. Manna, G. Vorraro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (SciVal)


The paper presents an innovative data processing methodology for the analysis of the surge phenomenon occurring in a compressor. Since the dynamic of the surge cycle does not have a deterministic character, its proper description can only be obtained through a statistical approach. To this aim, the temporally resolved traces of the pressure and mass flow rate signals are processed through a phase averaged decomposition technique. Furthermore, the shape of the oscillating surge cycle is detected and quantified by introducing the joint probability density function of the aforementioned signals which are reported in the pressure ratio versus mass flow rate plane. This probabilistic approach offers two significant advantages over the conventional deterministic approach, namely the possibility to quantify the time of residence of all individual unstable states in a statistical sense, as well as the possibility to carry out a proper code-to-experiments or experiments-to-experiments comparison of such an unstable phenomenon. In this paper, the proposed statistical approach is used to process the experimental data related to the surge phenomenon occurring in a small-sized free spool centrifugal compressor for automotive applications. However, the methodology can be applied both to numerical and experimental surge data from either centrifugal or axial compressors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)502-509
Early online date10 Feb 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


  • Compressor
  • Surge
  • Turbocharger
  • Turbocharger test rig
  • statistical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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