A short measure of the need for affect

Markus Appel, Timo Gnambs, Gregory R. Maio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

106 Citations (SciVal)


Two studies are presented to introduce a 10-item short form of the Need for Affect Questionnaire (NAQ-S; cf. Maio & Esses, 2001). Study 1 was based on 4 independent samples (German or English language; N total = 2,151) and demonstrated the expected factorial structure of the NAQ-S; its measurement invariance with respect to gender, age, and education; and the predicted associations with relevant personality measures. A latent state-trait analysis conducted in Study 2 (N = 140) suggests that most of the reliable variance of the NAQ-S represents stable individual differences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)418-426
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Personality Assessment
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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