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Ultraviolet A (UVA) radiation is an oxidizing agent that strongly induces the heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) gene and expression of the protein in cultured human skin fibroblasts but weakly induces it in skin keratinocytes. Lower basal levels of HO-I and much higher basal levels of HO-2 protein are observed in keratinocytes compared with fibroblasts. Using both overexpression and knockdown approaches, we demonstrate that HO-2 modulates basal and UVA-induced HO-I protein levels, whereas HO-1 levels do not affect HO-2 levels in skin fibroblasts and keratinocytes. Silencing of Bach1 strongly increases HO-1 levels in transformed HaCaT keratinocytes and these HO-1 levels are not further increased by either UVA irradiation or silencing of HO-2. This is consistent with the conclusion that high constitutive levels of HO-2 expression in keratinocytes are responsible for the resistance of these cells to HO-1 induction by UVA radiation and that Bach1 plays a predominant role in influencing the lack of HO-1 expression in keratinocytes. Bach1 inhibition leading to HO-I induction reduced UVA-irradiation-induced damage as monitored both by the extent of LDH release and by nuclear condensation, so that Bach1 inhibition seems to protect against UVA-irradiation-induced damage in keratinocytes. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Free Radical Biology and Medicine|
|Early online date||27 Oct 2009|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Jan 2010|
- Free radicals
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