A review on applications of sol-gel science in cement

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Abstract

This is the first review that presents an outlook on sol-gel science’s potential in different areas of cement science and chemistry. Progress in nanotechnology has shown sol-gel science possibilities to advance knowledge and modify the C-S-H structure at the nanolevel. There is a longstanding work in several areas of cement and concrete research to understand cement hydration mechanisms and to study the structure of C-S-H. Researchers have made attempts to tailor C-S-H through the addition of silanes, which has aided understanding of its structure. Research on sol-gel science in various fields of cement science has been increasing recently because of promising results. Overall it is shown that a change in sol-gel parameters has a significant impact on cement hydration. This review indicates how sol-gel technology can be further exploited to investigate and improve the hydrated cement microstructure.
Original languageEnglish
Article number123065
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume291
Early online date22 Apr 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Apr 2021

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