29 Citations (SciVal)


This is the first review that presents an outlook on sol-gel science’s potential in different areas of cement science and chemistry. Progress in nanotechnology has shown sol-gel science possibilities to advance knowledge and modify the C-S-H structure at the nanolevel. There is a longstanding work in several areas of cement and concrete research to understand cement hydration mechanisms and to study the structure of C-S-H. Researchers have made attempts to tailor C-S-H through the addition of silanes, which has aided understanding of its structure. Research on sol-gel science in various fields of cement science has been increasing recently because of promising results. Overall it is shown that a change in sol-gel parameters has a significant impact on cement hydration. This review indicates how sol-gel technology can be further exploited to investigate and improve the hydrated cement microstructure.
Original languageEnglish
Article number123065
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Early online date22 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


  • Calcium-Silicate-Hydrate (C-S-H)
  • Hydration
  • Silanes
  • Sol-gel process

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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