A review of vehicle routing with simultaneous pickup and delivery

Çağrı Koç, Gilbert Laporte, İlknur Tükenmez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Citations (SciVal)


In the vehicle routing problem with simultaneous pickup and delivery (VRPSPD), goods have to be transported from different origins to different destinations, and each customer has both a delivery and a pickup demand to be satisfied simultaneously. The VRPSPD has been around for about 30 years, and significant progress has since been made on this problem and its variants. This paper aims to comprehensively review the existing work on the VRPSPD. It surveys mathematical formulations, algorithms, variants, case studies, and industrial applications. It also provides an overview of trends in the literature and identifies several interesting promising future research perspectives.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104987
JournalComputers and Operations Research
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020


  • Review
  • Simultaneous pickup and delivery
  • Survey
  • Vehicle routing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Management Science and Operations Research


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