A review of the application of variable geometry turbines to the downsized gasoline engine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Engine downsizing through turbocharging is a proven method of improving fuel economy by using a smaller engine operating at higher levels of specific engine load and higher efficiency. Turbocharging is more challenging for the gasoline engine than the diesel engine due to the higher variability in the flow rate of air and the higher exhaust gas temperature. Although the variable geometry turbine offers the potential for improving the low-end torque, lowering part-load fuel consumption and delivering a fast transient response on a downsized gasoline engine, the cost, durability and the limited allowable turbine inlet temperature on the currently available devices present challenges to widespread application. This article details the main operating principles and types of the variable geometry turbine, its potential to deliver performance improvements, implementation challenges on the gasoline engine and the measures available to alleviate those challenges. Of the available types of variable geometry turbine, the variable nozzle form has the highest efficiency over a wide flow range while the variable flow and sliding wall types have better reliability and lower cost. Using additional technologies such as the water-cooled exhaust manifold, specialist turbocharger materials, exhaust gas recirculation and novel combustion systems in combination with advanced control strategies will facilitate variable geometry turbine application and hence allow further downsizing of the gasoline engine.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)810-825
JournalInternational Journal of Engine Research
Volume16
Issue number6
Early online date6 Oct 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015

Cite this

@article{ff3fce28dcca43e88d0a446c026a94a4,
title = "A review of the application of variable geometry turbines to the downsized gasoline engine",
abstract = "Engine downsizing through turbocharging is a proven method of improving fuel economy by using a smaller engine operating at higher levels of specific engine load and higher efficiency. Turbocharging is more challenging for the gasoline engine than the diesel engine due to the higher variability in the flow rate of air and the higher exhaust gas temperature. Although the variable geometry turbine offers the potential for improving the low-end torque, lowering part-load fuel consumption and delivering a fast transient response on a downsized gasoline engine, the cost, durability and the limited allowable turbine inlet temperature on the currently available devices present challenges to widespread application. This article details the main operating principles and types of the variable geometry turbine, its potential to deliver performance improvements, implementation challenges on the gasoline engine and the measures available to alleviate those challenges. Of the available types of variable geometry turbine, the variable nozzle form has the highest efficiency over a wide flow range while the variable flow and sliding wall types have better reliability and lower cost. Using additional technologies such as the water-cooled exhaust manifold, specialist turbocharger materials, exhaust gas recirculation and novel combustion systems in combination with advanced control strategies will facilitate variable geometry turbine application and hence allow further downsizing of the gasoline engine.",
author = "Huayin Tang and Andrew Pennycott and Sam Akehurst and Chris Brace",
year = "2015",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1177/1468087414552289",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "810--825",
journal = "International Journal of Engine Research",
issn = "1468-0874",
publisher = "Sage Publications",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A review of the application of variable geometry turbines to the downsized gasoline engine

AU - Tang, Huayin

AU - Pennycott, Andrew

AU - Akehurst, Sam

AU - Brace, Chris

PY - 2015/10

Y1 - 2015/10

N2 - Engine downsizing through turbocharging is a proven method of improving fuel economy by using a smaller engine operating at higher levels of specific engine load and higher efficiency. Turbocharging is more challenging for the gasoline engine than the diesel engine due to the higher variability in the flow rate of air and the higher exhaust gas temperature. Although the variable geometry turbine offers the potential for improving the low-end torque, lowering part-load fuel consumption and delivering a fast transient response on a downsized gasoline engine, the cost, durability and the limited allowable turbine inlet temperature on the currently available devices present challenges to widespread application. This article details the main operating principles and types of the variable geometry turbine, its potential to deliver performance improvements, implementation challenges on the gasoline engine and the measures available to alleviate those challenges. Of the available types of variable geometry turbine, the variable nozzle form has the highest efficiency over a wide flow range while the variable flow and sliding wall types have better reliability and lower cost. Using additional technologies such as the water-cooled exhaust manifold, specialist turbocharger materials, exhaust gas recirculation and novel combustion systems in combination with advanced control strategies will facilitate variable geometry turbine application and hence allow further downsizing of the gasoline engine.

AB - Engine downsizing through turbocharging is a proven method of improving fuel economy by using a smaller engine operating at higher levels of specific engine load and higher efficiency. Turbocharging is more challenging for the gasoline engine than the diesel engine due to the higher variability in the flow rate of air and the higher exhaust gas temperature. Although the variable geometry turbine offers the potential for improving the low-end torque, lowering part-load fuel consumption and delivering a fast transient response on a downsized gasoline engine, the cost, durability and the limited allowable turbine inlet temperature on the currently available devices present challenges to widespread application. This article details the main operating principles and types of the variable geometry turbine, its potential to deliver performance improvements, implementation challenges on the gasoline engine and the measures available to alleviate those challenges. Of the available types of variable geometry turbine, the variable nozzle form has the highest efficiency over a wide flow range while the variable flow and sliding wall types have better reliability and lower cost. Using additional technologies such as the water-cooled exhaust manifold, specialist turbocharger materials, exhaust gas recirculation and novel combustion systems in combination with advanced control strategies will facilitate variable geometry turbine application and hence allow further downsizing of the gasoline engine.

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1468087414552289

U2 - 10.1177/1468087414552289

DO - 10.1177/1468087414552289

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 810

EP - 825

JO - International Journal of Engine Research

JF - International Journal of Engine Research

SN - 1468-0874

IS - 6

ER -