A review of NDT/structural health monitoring techniques for hot gas components in gas turbines

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The need for non-destructive testing/structural health monitoring (SHM) is becoming increasingly important for gas turbine manufacturers. Incipient cracks have to be detected before catastrophic events occur. With respect to condition-based maintenance, the complex and expensive parts should be used as long as their performance or integrity is not compromised. In this study, the main failure modes of turbines are reported. In particular, we focus on the turbine blades, turbine vanes and the transition ducts of the combustion chambers. The existing monitoring techniques for these components, with their own particular advantages and disadvantages, are summarised in this review. In addition to the vibrational approach, tip timing technology is the most used technique for blade monitoring. Several sensor types are appropriate for the extreme conditions in a gas turbine, but besides tip timing, other technologies are also very promising for future NDT/SHM applications. For static parts, like turbine vanes and the transition ducts of the combustion chambers, different monitoring possibilities are identified and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number711
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Feb 2019

Keywords

  • Gas turbines
  • Non-destructive testing (NDT)
  • Sensing
  • SHM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

A review of NDT/structural health monitoring techniques for hot gas components in gas turbines. / Mevissen, Frank; Meo, Michele.

In: Sensors (Switzerland), Vol. 19, No. 3, 711, 09.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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