A quick measure of theory of mind in autistic adults: Decision accuracy, latency and self-awareness

Neil Brewer, Robyn L Young, Jade Norris, Katie Maras, Zoe Michael, Emily Barnett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Autistic adults often experience difficulties in taking the perspective of others, potentially undermining their social interactions. We evaluated a quick, forced-choice version of the Adult Theory of Mind (A-ToM) test, which was designed to assess such difficulties and comprehensively evaluated by Brewer et al. (2017). The forced-choice version (the A-ToM-Q) demonstrated discriminant, concurrent, convergent and divergent validity using samples of autistic (N = 96) and non-autistic adults (N = 75). It can be administered in a few minutes and machine-scored, involves minimal training and facilitates large-scale, live, or web-based testing. It permits measurement of response latency and self-awareness, with response characteristics on both measures enhancing understanding of the nature and extent of perspective taking difficulties in autistic individuals.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Early online date28 Jun 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Jun 2021

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