A quick measure of theory of mind in autistic adults: Decision accuracy, latency and self-awareness

Neil Brewer, Robyn L Young, Jade Norris, Katie Maras, Zoe Michael, Emily Barnett

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Abstract

Autistic adults often experience difficulties in taking the perspective of others, potentially undermining their social interactions. We evaluated a quick, forced-choice version of the Adult Theory of Mind (A-ToM) test, which was designed to assess such difficulties and comprehensively evaluated by Brewer et al. (2017). The forced-choice version (the A-ToM-Q) demonstrated discriminant, concurrent, convergent and divergent validity using samples of autistic (N = 96) and non-autistic adults (N = 75). It can be administered in a few minutes and machine-scored, involves minimal training and facilitates large-scale, live, or web-based testing. It permits measurement of response latency and self-awareness, with response characteristics on both measures enhancing understanding of the nature and extent of perspective taking difficulties in autistic individuals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2479-2496
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume52
Issue number6
Early online date28 Jun 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Decision latency
  • Metacognitive monitoring
  • Theory of Mind assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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