A propaganda model for Hollywood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article proposes a Hollywood Propaganda Model, based on Herman and Chomsky’s original
theory for news media, to explain the ideological output of mainstream Hollywood. The five
filters are: concentrated ownership; the importance of merchandising; dependence on
establishment sources; the disproportionate ability of the powerful to create flak; and a dominant
ideology of ‘us’ versus the ‘Other’. The article acknowledges the limits of such a model but makes
the case that the filters are important overarching concerns in determining the ‘bounds of the
expressible’ and that countervailing forces such as the supposed left-wing beliefs of grassroots
Hollywood are of limited significance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-156
JournalWestminster Papers in Communication and Culture
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009


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