A photoactive titanate with a stereochemically active Sn lone pair: Electronic and crystal structure of Sn2TiO4 from computational chemistry

Lee A. Burton, Aron Walsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)
128 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

TiO 2 remains the most widely studied metal oxide for photocatalytic reactions. The standard approach to reduce the band gap of titania, for increasing the absorption of visible light, is anion modification. For example the formation of an oxynitride compound, where the nitrogen 2p states decrease the binding energy of the valence band. We demonstrate that cation modification can produce a similar effect through the formation of a ternary oxide combining Ti and an ns 2 cation, Sn(II). In Sn 2TiO 4, the underlying Ti 3d conduction states remain largely unmodified and an electronic band gap of 2.1 eV (590 nm) is predicted by hybrid density functional theory. Our analysis indicates a strong potential for Sn 2TiO 4 in visible-light driven photocatalysis, which should prove superior to the alternative (SnO 2) 1-x (TiO 2) x solid-solution
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-160
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume196
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

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