A parametric optimisation study of urban geometry design to assess outdoor thermal comfort.

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Abstract

Over the last two decades, urban geometry has been shown to be a key determinant of the microclimatic conditions in urban areas. This study uses the Ladybug-tools, the plugins of Grasshopper3D to optimise building heights, street widths and orientation to maximise outdoor thermal comfort, represented by the diurnal average Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI). In the hot-arid climate of Cairo, Egypt, the optimised parameters of symmetrical and asymmetrical urban canyons are compared with the Egyptian Construction Act's design regulations. The results show a strong negative correlation between the height-to-width (H/W) ratios and the output UTCI, with R² = 0.71, and much stronger (R² = 0.91) if east-west orientations are excluded from the results, exceeding correlations previously reported for Cairo. Maximum UTCI reductions due to changing H/W and orientation approach ∼6°C. Considerable variation is shown in the strength of the correlation between UTCI and the asymmetrical H/W ratio of each flank, with R² = 0.81 for Southeast side compared to R² = 0.4 for Northwest side. Design recommendations are given urban planners based on using the optimised parameters that at least achieve a UTCI reduction benchmark that exceeds those resulting from using the regulations’ thresholds.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103352
JournalSustainable Cities and Society
Volume75
Early online date20 Sep 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Sep 2021

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