A palm oil substitute and care product emulsions from a yeast cultivated on waste resources

Fraeya Whiffin

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

Abstract

Currently, the production of palm oil leads to the destruction of rainforest. A more sustainable source of lipids could be obtained using abundant lignocellulosic waste (e.g. wheat straw) as a source of carbon in the form of polysaccharides. Some species of oleaginous yeast, grown on sugars, can be made to accumulate between 20-80% of their biomass as oil and so offer a promising alternative to terrestrial crops. In this thesis, the yeast Metschnikowia pulcherrima was selected for its resilience to contamination. Although not previously classified as oleaginous, a combination of low temperature and restricted nutrient availability prevented sporulation and consequently
triggered levels of oil production in M. pulcherrima cultures of up to 47%. The potential of this yeast to produce lipids inexpensively on waste resources was investigated. This yeast was grown under non-sterile conditions at pilot scale with minimal temperature control. The possibility of growing M. pulcherrima on lignocellulose was studied on models and showed that it was tolerant to a range of sugars and inhibitors commonly found in hydrolysed lignocellulose. The yeast produced 6.04 g L-1 lipid when cultivated on a mixture of hexoses and pentoses. This was corroborated by demonstrating that the yeast could be cultured on oligomers and sugars produced by hydrolysing wheat straw. Evidence of cellulase production was observed, and this was utilised in a process involving mildly pretreated wheat straw, using a range of pretreatment processes and culture conditions to yield a maximum of 1.12 g L-1
lipid. The usefulness of the products of this cultivation in forming oil in water emulsions was evaluated, and some evidence of surface-active effects was found. Overall, M. pulcherrima was found to have phenotypes that would be highly beneficial in reducing the capital and running costs of a putative lipid production process.
LanguageEnglish
QualificationPh.D.
Awarding Institution
  • University of Bath
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Chuck, Christopher, Supervisor
Award date15 Feb 2016
StatusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

palm oils
Metschnikowia pulcherrima
emulsions
yeasts
wheat straw
lipids
lignocellulose
sugars
lignocellulosic wastes
oils
pentoses
hexoses
sporulation
endo-1,4-beta-glucanase
nutrient availability
rain forests
temperature
polysaccharides
pretreatment
phenotype

Keywords

  • yeast
  • biotechnology
  • oleaginous
  • sustainability
  • lignocellulose
  • straw
  • oligosaccharides
  • gycosidases

Cite this

A palm oil substitute and care product emulsions from a yeast cultivated on waste resources. / Whiffin, Fraeya.

2015. 194 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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N2 - Currently, the production of palm oil leads to the destruction of rainforest. A more sustainable source of lipids could be obtained using abundant lignocellulosic waste (e.g. wheat straw) as a source of carbon in the form of polysaccharides. Some species of oleaginous yeast, grown on sugars, can be made to accumulate between 20-80% of their biomass as oil and so offer a promising alternative to terrestrial crops. In this thesis, the yeast Metschnikowia pulcherrima was selected for its resilience to contamination. Although not previously classified as oleaginous, a combination of low temperature and restricted nutrient availability prevented sporulation and consequently triggered levels of oil production in M. pulcherrima cultures of up to 47%. The potential of this yeast to produce lipids inexpensively on waste resources was investigated. This yeast was grown under non-sterile conditions at pilot scale with minimal temperature control. The possibility of growing M. pulcherrima on lignocellulose was studied on models and showed that it was tolerant to a range of sugars and inhibitors commonly found in hydrolysed lignocellulose. The yeast produced 6.04 g L-1 lipid when cultivated on a mixture of hexoses and pentoses. This was corroborated by demonstrating that the yeast could be cultured on oligomers and sugars produced by hydrolysing wheat straw. Evidence of cellulase production was observed, and this was utilised in a process involving mildly pretreated wheat straw, using a range of pretreatment processes and culture conditions to yield a maximum of 1.12 g L-1 lipid. The usefulness of the products of this cultivation in forming oil in water emulsions was evaluated, and some evidence of surface-active effects was found. Overall, M. pulcherrima was found to have phenotypes that would be highly beneficial in reducing the capital and running costs of a putative lipid production process.

AB - Currently, the production of palm oil leads to the destruction of rainforest. A more sustainable source of lipids could be obtained using abundant lignocellulosic waste (e.g. wheat straw) as a source of carbon in the form of polysaccharides. Some species of oleaginous yeast, grown on sugars, can be made to accumulate between 20-80% of their biomass as oil and so offer a promising alternative to terrestrial crops. In this thesis, the yeast Metschnikowia pulcherrima was selected for its resilience to contamination. Although not previously classified as oleaginous, a combination of low temperature and restricted nutrient availability prevented sporulation and consequently triggered levels of oil production in M. pulcherrima cultures of up to 47%. The potential of this yeast to produce lipids inexpensively on waste resources was investigated. This yeast was grown under non-sterile conditions at pilot scale with minimal temperature control. The possibility of growing M. pulcherrima on lignocellulose was studied on models and showed that it was tolerant to a range of sugars and inhibitors commonly found in hydrolysed lignocellulose. The yeast produced 6.04 g L-1 lipid when cultivated on a mixture of hexoses and pentoses. This was corroborated by demonstrating that the yeast could be cultured on oligomers and sugars produced by hydrolysing wheat straw. Evidence of cellulase production was observed, and this was utilised in a process involving mildly pretreated wheat straw, using a range of pretreatment processes and culture conditions to yield a maximum of 1.12 g L-1 lipid. The usefulness of the products of this cultivation in forming oil in water emulsions was evaluated, and some evidence of surface-active effects was found. Overall, M. pulcherrima was found to have phenotypes that would be highly beneficial in reducing the capital and running costs of a putative lipid production process.

KW - yeast

KW - biotechnology

KW - oleaginous

KW - sustainability

KW - lignocellulose

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KW - oligosaccharides

KW - gycosidases

M3 - Doctoral Thesis

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