A novel pH-responsive hydrogel system based on Prunus armeniaca gum and acrylic acid: Preparation and evaluation as a potential candidate for controlled drug delivery

Shazia Noureen, Sobia Noreen, Shazia Akram Ghumman, Ehab A. Abdelrahman, Fozia Batool, Afeefa Aslam, Muhammad Mehdi, Bahareh Shirinfar, Nisar Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (SciVal)

Abstract

pH-responsive hydrogels have become effective and attractive materials for the controlled release of drugs at pre-determined destinations. In the present study, a novel hydrogel system based on Prunus armeniaca gum (PAG) and acrylic acid (AA) was prepared by a free radical mechanism using N, N-methylene bisacrylamide (MBA) as cross-linker and potassium persulfate (KPS) as initiator. A series of hydrogels varying PAG, AA, and MBA concentration was developed to determine the impact of these components. Formulated hydrogels were characterized for pH-responsive swelling, drug release, gel content, and porosity. Structural analysis was performed by FTIR, XRD, and SEM analysis. TGA study was applied to assess thermal stability. Oral acute toxicity and in vivo drug release were performed in rabbits. Hydrogels exhibited pH-dependent swelling and drug release. Swelling, drug loading and release, and porosity increased by increasing PAG and AA concentration while decreased by increasing MBA. The gel content of formulations was increased by increasing all three components. FTIR studies confirmed the development of copolymeric networks and the loading of drug. XRD studies revealed that hydrogels were amorphous, and the crystalline drug was changed into an amorphous form during loading. TGA results indicated that hydrogels were stable up to 600 °C. Acute oral toxicity results confirm that hydrogels were nontoxic up to a dose of 2 g/kg body weight in rabbits. The pharmacokinetic evaluation revealed that hydrogels prolonged the availability of the drug and the peak plasma concentration of the drug was obtained in 6 h as compared to the oral solution of the drug. Tramadol hydrochloride (THC) was used as a model drug. Hence, pH-responsive swelling and release, nontoxic nature and improved pharmacokinetics support that PAG-based hydrogels may be considered as potential controlled-release polymeric carriers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106555
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume189
Early online date4 Aug 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Support from the Cardiff University to Dr. Nisar Ahmed is gratefully acknowledged.

Keywords

  • Acute oral toxicity
  • Copolymer
  • In-vivo release
  • pH-responsiveness
  • Pharmacokinetic
  • Polysaccharides
  • Tramadol hydrochloride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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