A Novel Helical Superconducting Fault Current Limiter for Electric Propulsion Aircraft

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It is crucial to achieve a high safety and reliability standard in future Electric Propulsion Aircraft (EPA). Due to low short-circuit impedance and high rate of fault current rise in EPA systems, the superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) plays a promising role, with advantages of light weight, high efficiency and compact size, compared to conventional FCL. A novel helical bifilar coil is proposed which is composed of two windings wound in opposite directions on the same bobbin, these are connected in series to achieve equal current sharing and a non-inductive circuit. 12 mm-wide stainless steel reinforced superconducting tape from AMSC was used for the windings. To characterize the proposed helical bifilar coil connected in series (BCS), AC loss tests under three frequencies and quench tests under prospective fault current up to 2223 A were carried out. They were compared with the results measured from a conventional helical bifilar coil connected in parallel (BCP) which had an identical specification to the BCS. It was concluded that AC losses measured in the BCP is dependent on current and frequency. The fault current was suppressed effectively by the BCS at the first half peak from 2223 A to 495 A, corresponding to 22.3% of the prospective fault current. Quench performance of BCP was also tested and discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9103132
Pages (from-to)276-286
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification
Issue number1
Early online date28 May 2020
Publication statusPublished - 28 May 2020


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