A novel flexible conductive sponge-like electrode capable of generating electrical energy from the direct oxidation of aqueous glucose

D. Desmaële, F. La Malfa, F. Rizzi, A. Qualtieri, M. Di Lorenzo, M. De Vittorio

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article


This paper presents a new sponge-like electrode (SLE) material structured with porous gold (PG). The fabrication process is simple and no specific equipment is required. Notably, the use of liquid metal particles enables the direct growth of PG into the pores of a flexible conductive support matrix. With a SLE sample 13 mm long, 6 mm wide and 1.5 mm thick immersed in a 10 mM glucose solution, we demonstrate that a volumetric power density of 2.4 mW•cm -3 at ≈5 mA•cm -3 and 0.48 V can be reached without using any enzymes. Because the process presented is versatile and scalable, we envision SLEs with long-term stability that could to meet the power budget of various wearable/bioelectronic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012030
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 2019
Event18th International Conference on Micro and Nanotechnology for Power Generation and Energy Conversion Applications, PowerMEMS 2018 - Daytona Beach, USA United States
Duration: 4 Dec 20187 Dec 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this