Projects per year
The use of small molecules to 'chemically direct' differentiation represents a powerful approach to promote specification of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) towards particular functional cell types for use in regenerative medicine and pharmaceutical applications. Here, we demonstrate a novel route for chemically directed differentiation of human ESCs (hESCs) into definitive endoderm (DE) exploiting a selective small-molecule inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3). This GSK-3 inhibitor, termed 1m, when used as the only supplement to a chemically defined feeder-free culture system, effectively promoted differentiation of ESC lines towards primitive streak (PS), mesoderm and DE. This contrasts with the role of GSK-3 in murine ESCs, where GSK-3 inhibition promotes pluripotency. Interestingly, 1m-mediated induction of differentiation involved transient NODAL expression and Nodal signalling. Prolonged treatment of hESCs with 1m resulted in the generation of a population of cells displaying hepatoblast characteristics, that is expressing. fetoprotein and HNF4 alpha. Furthermore, 1m-induced DE had the capacity to mature and generate hepatocyte-like cells capable of producing albumin. These findings describe, for the first time, the utility of GSK-3 inhibition, in a chemically directed approach, to a method of DE generation that is robust, potentially scalable and applicable to different hESC lines.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Cell Science|
|Early online date||23 May 2011|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Jun 2011|
- embryonic stem cells
- hepatic differentiation
- directed differentiation
- glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3) inhibition
- definitive endoderm
FingerprintDive into the research topics of 'A novel chemically directed route for the generation of definitive endoderm from human embryonic stem cells based on inhibition of GSK-3'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
- 1 Finished
GLYCOGEN SYNTHASE KINASE 3: A CRITICAL REGULATOR OF EMBYONI C STEM CELL SELF-RENEWAL?
Welham, M. J.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
1/06/05 → 31/12/08
Project: Research council