A novel bacteriophage cocktail reduces and disperses Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms under static and flow conditions

Diana Alves, Patricia Pérez Esteban, W Kot, Jessica Bean, Thomas Arnot, LH Hansen, Mark Enright, Andrew Jenkins

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44 Citations (SciVal)
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Abstract

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic human pathogen that forms highly stable communities - biofilms, which contribute to the establishment and maintenance of infections. The biofilm state and intrinsic / acquired bacterial resistance mechanisms contribute to resistance / tolerance to antibiotics that is frequently observed in P. aeruginosa isolates. Here we describe the isolation and characterisation of six novel lytic bacteriophages: viruses which infect bacteria, that together efficiently infect and kill a wide range of P. aeruginosa clinical isolates. The phages were used to formulate a cocktail with potential to eliminate P. aeruginosa PAO1 planktonic cultures. Two biofilm models were studied, one static and one dynamic, and the phage cocktail was assessed for its ability to reduce and disperse the biofilm biomass. For the static model, after 4 hours of contact with the phage suspension (MOI 10) more than 95% of biofilm biomass was eliminated. In the flow biofilm model, a slower rate of activity by the phage was observed, but 48 hours after addition of the phage cocktail the biofilm was dispersed, with most cells eliminated (> 4logs) comparing to the control. This cocktail has potential for development as a therapeutic to control P. aeruginosa infections which are predominantly biofilm-centred.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-74
JournalMicrobial Biotechnology
Volume9
Issue number1
Early online date8 Sep 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • P. aeruginosa
  • bacteriophage therapy
  • biofilm
  • bacteriophage
  • genome sequencing analysis
  • antimicrobial,

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