Abstract

Norm emergence is typically studied in the context of multiagent systems (MAS) where norms are implicit, and participating agents use simplistic decision-making mechanisms. These implicit norms are usually unconsciously shared and adopted through agent interaction. A norm is deemed to have emerged when a threshold or predetermined percentage of agents follow the “norm”. Conversely, in normative MAS, norms are typically explicit and agents deliberately share norms through communication or are informed about norms by an authority, following which an agent decides whether to adopt the norm or not. The decision to adopt a norm by the agent can happen immediately after recognition or when an applicable situation arises. In this paper, we make the case that, similarly, a norm has emerged in a normative MAS when a percentage of agents adopt the norm. Furthermore, we posit that agents themselves can and should be involved in norm synthesis, and hence influence the norms governing the MAS, in line with Ostrom’s eight principles. Consequently, we put forward a framework for the emergence of norms within a normative MAS, that allows participating agents to propose/request changes to the normative system, while special-purpose synthesizer agents formulate new norms or revisions in response to these requests. Synthesizers must collectively agree that the new norm or norm revision should proceed, and then finally be approved by an “Oracle”. The normative system is then modified to incorporate the norm.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCoordination, Organizations, Institutions, Norms, and Ethics for Governance of Multi-Agent Systems XIII - International Workshops COIN 2017 and COINE 2020, Revised Selected Papers
EditorsAndrea Aler Tubella, Stephen Cranefield, Christopher Frantz, Felipe Meneguzzi, Wamberto Vasconcelos
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
PublisherSpringer Nature Switzerland
Pages156-174
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)9783030723750
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Apr 2021
EventInternational Workshop on Coordination, Organizations, Institutions, and Norms for Governance of Multi-Agent Systems, COIN 2017, co-located with AAMAS 2017 and the International Workshop on Coordination, Organizations, Institutions, Norms and Ethics for Governance of Multi-Agent Systems, COINE 2020, co-located with AAMAS 2020 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 9 May 20209 May 2020

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume12298 LNAI
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

ConferenceInternational Workshop on Coordination, Organizations, Institutions, and Norms for Governance of Multi-Agent Systems, COIN 2017, co-located with AAMAS 2017 and the International Workshop on Coordination, Organizations, Institutions, Norms and Ethics for Governance of Multi-Agent Systems, COINE 2020, co-located with AAMAS 2020
CityVirtual, Online
Period9/05/209/05/20

Keywords

  • Norm synthesis
  • Normative MAS
  • Normative system
  • Synthesizer agents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

Cite this