A nonlinear ultrasonic hybrid modulation subtraction method for structural health monitoring using sparse arrays

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Structural health monitoring (SHM) of components is becoming an important part of maintenance and component evaluation throughout many engineering industries. Evaluation of defects and damage plays an important role in reducing maintenance and testing costs, and thus has become an important part of the costs of businesses. In this work a nonlinear ultrasound subtraction techniques is proposed which looks to evaluate barely visible impact damage (BVID) in a composite structure using a sparse array of piezoelectric transducers. Evaluation of the elastic responses of composite structures can become difficult due to the complexity of these types of structures, with variations is attenuation, dispersion and fibre orientation. The method proposed looks to simplify damage detection without the calculation of time-of-arrival (TOA), dispersion curves and the frequency dependence of damage. The method relies on the excitation of the structure with three separate signals at both 0° and 180° degree phases. The three signals used are a single frequency, swept frequency and combination of both. The novelty of the method relies on a delay which is added between the signals, this delay is used to promote nonlinear ultrasonic interactions within the material. A hybrid modulation subtraction (HMS) method is then used to filter out linear components and retain the nonlinear modulated components in the signal. A sparse array of transducers and sensors are used to investigate a region with barely visible impact damage. The method does not rely on the a priori knowledge of wave velocity or the dispersion curves. The results show that it is possible to identify the defect region using the modulated nonlinear responses of the structure.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XIV
EditorsTzu-Yang Yu, H. Felix Wu, Peter J. Shull, Andrew L. Gyekenyesi
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510635371
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2020
EventNondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XIV 2020 - None, USA United States
Duration: 27 Apr 20208 May 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume11380
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferenceNondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XIV 2020
CountryUSA United States
CityNone
Period27/04/208/05/20

Keywords

  • Barely Visible Impact Damage
  • Composite
  • Damage Localisation
  • Modulation
  • Nonlinear Ultrasound
  • Structural Health Monitoring
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Malfense Fierro, G. P., & Meo, M. (2020). A nonlinear ultrasonic hybrid modulation subtraction method for structural health monitoring using sparse arrays. In T-Y. Yu, H. F. Wu, P. J. Shull, & A. L. Gyekenyesi (Eds.), Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XIV [113801F] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 11380). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2559063