A new technique to measure the effective diffusivity in a catalytic monolith washcoat

F Zhang, R E Hayes, S T Kolaczkowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

A method is described for measuring the flux of a diffusing species through a multiple cell structure cut from a catalytic monolith honeycomb. One- and two-dimensional math. models are used to calc. the effective diffusivity in the catalyst/washcoat layer. This method is suitable for porous monolith supports, e.g. cordierite, but it is unsuitable for metal monoliths. To illustrate the technique the diffusion of CO in nitrogen is studied using a modified form of a Wicke-Kallenbach type of diffusion cell. The inlet concn. of the diffusing component is 2.4% CO in nitrogen, and expts. are performed at ambient temp. and pressures between 106 and 150 kPa on a catalytic monolith with 62 cells cm-2. The technique can be applied in many areas where catalytic monoliths are used, e.g. catalytic converters, catalytic combustion reactors, SCR catalysts and many other applications. The method shows good agreement with the results obtained using other methods.
LanguageEnglish
Pages481-489
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Research & Design
Volume82
Issue numberA4
StatusPublished - 2004

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Carbon Monoxide
Nitrogen
Catalytic converters
Catalysts
Thyristors
Metals
Fluxes
cordierite

Keywords

  • measure effective diffusivity in catalytic monolith washcoat)
  • Exhaust gas catalytic converters (measure effective diffusivity in catalytic monolith washcoat)
  • catalytic
  • Reactors (catalytic
  • Diffusion
  • diffusivity catalytic monolith washcoat
  • Honeycomb structures (monolith

Cite this

A new technique to measure the effective diffusivity in a catalytic monolith washcoat. / Zhang, F; Hayes, R E; Kolaczkowski, S T.

In: Chemical Engineering Research & Design, Vol. 82, No. A4, 2004, p. 481-489.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "A method is described for measuring the flux of a diffusing species through a multiple cell structure cut from a catalytic monolith honeycomb. One- and two-dimensional math. models are used to calc. the effective diffusivity in the catalyst/washcoat layer. This method is suitable for porous monolith supports, e.g. cordierite, but it is unsuitable for metal monoliths. To illustrate the technique the diffusion of CO in nitrogen is studied using a modified form of a Wicke-Kallenbach type of diffusion cell. The inlet concn. of the diffusing component is 2.4{\%} CO in nitrogen, and expts. are performed at ambient temp. and pressures between 106 and 150 kPa on a catalytic monolith with 62 cells cm-2. The technique can be applied in many areas where catalytic monoliths are used, e.g. catalytic converters, catalytic combustion reactors, SCR catalysts and many other applications. The method shows good agreement with the results obtained using other methods.",
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