A national school-based screening program for mental health problems among children aged 6 to 12 years in Iran: scale development and psychometric evaluation

Saeed Akbari Zardkhaneh, Mohsen Rajabi, Ali Mohammad Zanganeh, Saeed Namaki, Nader Mansourkiaee, Mohsen Jallalat Danesh, Siyamak Tahmasebi Garmatani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Schools are an ideal setting in which to measure and promote mental health difficulties. The aim of present study was to develop the Nemad Electronic Mental-Health Assessment Devices for Children (NEMAD-C) aged 6 to 12 years in Iran. A sample of parents and teachers (N = 10,163) were recruited to complete the parent and teacher reports. Totally, explorative and confirmatory factor analyses showed that the eight-factor model provides a better fit for both parental report and teacher report versions. Results revealed a screening tool consisting of eight dimensions: child abuse risk, self-harm, anxiety, depression, disruptive behavior disorders, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorders, academic achievement deficit, and self-regulation. Findings showed that the internal consistency coefficients of the subscales were high, and convergent validity was evidenced by significant correlations with theoretically related constructs. Therefore, the NEMAD-C has adequate reliability and validity and could be used for multi-dimensional assessment of mental health problems in Iran.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMental Health, Religion and Culture
Early online date31 Jul 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 31 Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Iranian students mental health
  • NEMAD project
  • scale development
  • School mental health
  • school-based screening
  • screening tool

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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