A multi-attribute assessment of electricity supply options in lebanon

Romy Abou Farhat, Maral Mahlooji, Ludovic Gaudard, Jad El-Baba, Hassan Harajli, Vahakn Kabakian, Kaveh Madani

Research output: Chapter or section in a book/report/conference proceedingChapter or section

4 Citations (SciVal)


The lack of holistic decision-making assessments has been the main reason behind Lebanon’s persistent energy challenges for a long time. Increasing the capacity of renewable electricity generation as well as conventional power plants running on imported fuels has been proposed to ensure energy security in Lebanon. However, this approach does not necessarily consider Lebanon’s most persistent energy challenges and the potential impacts of selected technologies on Lebanon’s scarce land and water resources. Relying on a System of Systems (SoS) perspective and considering the Climate, Land, Energy, and Water (CLEW) nexus, this study is an effort to help overcome Lebanon’s energy sustainability challenges while reducing impacts on the country’s valuable natural, economic, and social resources. Two parallel but complementary frameworks are used. First, through Resource Efficiency Assessment (REA), the potential impacts of the electricity technologies on the nation’s environmental and economic resources are evaluated. Next, the Sustainability Performance Assessment (SPA) considers a number of criteria relative to the region’s economic, social, environmental, and technical energy challenges. Using the Aggregate Performance Index (API), the relative performance of each energy is calculated based on the results of REA and SPA. Results suggest that offshore wind, solar photovoltaics, natural gas, geothermal, nuclear, and hydropower technologies are the most desirable electricity generation options in Lebanon based on the assumptions and values used in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFood-Energy-Water Nexus Resilience and Sustainable Development
Subtitle of host publicationDecision-Making Methods, Planning, and Trade-Off Analysis
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9783030400521
ISBN (Print)9783030400514
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • Electricity generation technologies
  • Energy sustainability
  • Multi-criteria decision-making
  • Relative aggregate footprint
  • Resource-use efficiency
  • System of systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Environmental Science
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • General Arts and Humanities
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • General Business,Management and Accounting


Dive into the research topics of 'A multi-attribute assessment of electricity supply options in lebanon'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this